Ingredients Definitions

Ingredients Definitions


a-Linolenic Acid

Alpha-linolenic acid is a kind of omega-3 fatty acid found in plants. It is similar to the omega-3 fatty acids that are in fish oil, called eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Your body can change alpha-linolenic acid into EPA and DHA. Alpha-linolenic acid is found in flaxseed oil, and in canola, soy, perilla, and walnut oils.

Ascorbic Acid

A naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties. Also known as Vitamin C.


ARA stands for arachidonic acid, which is a 20-carbon omega-6 fatty acid. Like DHA, ARA is also believed to be an important component of the central nervous system. If DHA is added, ARA must also be added to infant formula in order to maintain a balance of fatty acids.


Also know as Vitamin B7 (biotin).It helps the body to convert food into glucose, which is used to produce energy produce fatty acids and amino acids (the building blocks of protein) activate protein/amino acid metabolism in the hair roots and fingernail cells.


Calcium is a mineral that is necessary for life. In addition to building bones and keeping them healthy, calcium helps our blood clot, nerves send messages and muscles contract.

Calcium Caseinate

A protein produced from casein in skim and 1% milk.

Calcium Pantothenate

The calcium salt of the water-soluble Vitamin B5 found in plants and animal tissues with antioxidants property. Vitamin B5 is a growth factor and is essential for various metabolic functions, including the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fatty acids.

Calcium Phosphate

A mineral the body utilizes to build and strengthen bones and teeth.


A measurement of energy in the form of heat.

Calories from Fat

It is the percentage of calories per serving that come from fat rather than from carbohydrates or protein.


The main protein present in milk and in coagulated form in cheese.


Chloride is found in table salt or sea salt as sodium chloride. It is also found in many vegetables. Foods with higher amounts of chloride include seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives.


Functioning chiefly as a protective agent in the skin and myelin sheaths of nerve cells, a detoxifier in the bloodstream, and as a precursor of many steroids. Also know as the commercial form of this compound used chiefly as an emulsifying agent in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and in the synthesis of vitamin D.


Vital for healthy liver function and normal brain development.

Choline Chloride

A basic constituent of lecithin that aids in metabolic processes and in lipid metabolism.


A mineral that the body requires for optimal health found primarily in food. Also known to enhance the action of insulin and is involve in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.

Chromium Chloride

A type of Chromium found in certain fruits such as bananas and grapefruit, and in vegetables such as broccoli. Assist the body metabolize food containing fats and amino acids. Help promote good health related to normal blood sugar.

Corn Maltodextrin

A food additive that is produced from corn. See Maltodextrin

Corn Oil

Oil extracted from the germ of corn also known as maize.

Corn Syrup

Made from the starch of corn and used in foods to soften texture, prevent crystallization of sugar, add volume and enhance flavor.


Copper is a key mineral in many different body systems. It is central to building strong tissue, maintaining blood volume, and producing energy in your cells.

Culpric Sulfate

A sulfate salt of copper.


A most common and widely produced form of the chemical compounds that have Vitamin B12 activity

d-Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate

A form of Vitamin E.


DHA, which stands for docosahexaenoic acid, is a type of fat. This particular fatty acid is abundant in the gray matter of the human brain and in the membranes of the retinal photoreceptors in the eyes. It is a 22-carbon long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid of the omega-3 family. Research suggests that DHA from a mother’s breast milk benefits an infant’s eye and brain development. For adults, some preliminary research points to cardiovascular and cognitive health benefits of DHA.

Dietary Fiber

Dietary fibers can act by changing the nature of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and by changing how other nutrients and chemicals are absorbed.


Also known as calories.

Ferrous Sulfate

Provides the iron needed by the body to produce red blood cells. It is used to treat or prevent iron-deficiency anemia, a condition that occurs when the body has too few red blood cells because of pregnancy, poor diet, excess bleeding, or other medical problems.


See Folic Acid

Folic Acid

Folic Acid is one of the B vitamins that is a key factor in the synthesis (the making) of nucleic acid (DNA and RNA).


Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are starches portions that provide nourishment for bacteria in the digestive tract.


Plays a role in helping the liver process fats as well as contributing to the function of muscles and nerves.


An element that is needed for the production of thyroid hormone.


Helps build proteins in the blood, which transport oxygen throughout the body.


Transfers long-chain fatty acids, such as triglycerides into mitochondria, where they may be oxidized to produce energy.


The sugar present in milk. It is a disaccharide containing glucose and galactose units.

Linoleic Acid

A polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid.


Found to be concentrated in the macula, a small area of the retina responsible for central vision. The hypothesis for the natural concentration is that lutein helps keep the eyes safe from oxidative stress and the high-energy photons of blue light.


Used as a food additive, produced from starch, and is found in spray-dried powder. It is easily digestible, being absorbed as rapidly as glucose, and is either moderately sweet or almost flavorless.


A mineral that is found in several foods including nuts, legumes, seeds, tea, whole grains, and leafy green vegetables and it is considered an essential nutrient, because the body requires it to function properly.

Manganese Sulfate

Also know as Manganese citrate, manganese gluconate and manganese which is important for normal growth and development.


Magnesium is a key mineral in human metabolism, and found in small to medium amounts in many of the World’s Healthiest Foods. Vegetables (especially green leafy ones), nuts and seeds, and legumes are your best sources for magnesium.

Magnesium Chloride

For cellular detoxification and tissue purification and used to produce gastric acid needed to stimulate-digesting enzymes.


Any of the inorganic elements, as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, or sodium, that are essential to the functioning of the human body and are obtained from foods.


Refers to the presence of a liquid, especially water, often in trace amounts and small amounts of water may be found, for example, in the air (humidity), in foods, and in various commercial products. Moisture also refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air.


Serves as an essential cofactor of enzymes and aids in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates.

Niacin (B3)

Also known as vitamin B3 which is important for general good health and can improve cholesterol levels and lower cardiovascular risks.


Most milk formulas are supplemented with nucleotides to increase the concentration to a level that is similar to the concentration found in human milk. This practice is justified by studies that have shown that infants who received nucleotides in their formula were less likely to have diarrhea and also had better responses to vaccination, producing more antibodies and other immune cells (Carver et al., 1991; Pickering et al., 1998).

Pantothenic Acid (B5)

Also known as Vitamin B5 which helps the body convert food into fuel which is used to produce energy also helps the body use fats and protein which are needed for healthy skin, hair, eyes, and liver. Also assist the nervous system function properly.


A mineral found in the body. About 85 percent of the phosphorus in the body is in bones. The body uses phosphorus to form strong bones and teeth, maintain a normal pH balance, get oxygen to tissues, create energy, change protein, fat and carbohydrate into energy, develop connective tissues and organs, move muscles, produce hormones, and use B vitamins.


Also known as Vitamin K1, phytomenadione or phytonadione. It is synthesized by plants, and is found in highest amounts in green leafy vegetables because it is directly involved in photosynthesis. It may be thought of as the “plant” form of vitamin K. It is active as a vitamin in animals and performs the classic functions of vitamin K, including its activity in the production of blood-clotting proteins..


A mineral that is found in most foods, helps to balance fluids and minerals in the body. It also assists the body in maintaining a normal blood pressure.

Potassium Citrate

Also known as tripotassium citrate. Used as a food additive to regulate acidity.

Potassium Chloride

Used to prevent or to treat low blood levels of potassium.

Potassium Iodide

A salt with a similar makeup to table salt. Similar form of iodine used in table salt. This vital mineral is an excellent source of iodine which is needed for the healthy function of the thyroid gland.


Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body. They are one of the building blocks of body tissue, and can also serve as a fuel source.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Also known as Vitamin B6. Mostly related to the metabolism of amino acids and proteins.


See Vitamin B2

Saturated Fats

Found in animal or vegetable fat, butter, meat, egg yolks, and coconut or palm oil, and tends to increase cholesterol levels in the blood.


A trace mineral that everyone needs. Along with iodine, selenium is great for the thyroid. It supports the immune system and it’s a powerful antioxidant.


A compound that is abundant in nature and is used to flavor and preserve food.

Sodium Caseinates

The biochemical name for casein, which is a type of protein found in milk.

Sodium Citrate

The sodium salt of citric acid and like citric acid, it has a sour taste. It is commonly known as sour salt and is mainly used as a food additive, usually for flavor or as a preservative. Reduces the acidity of foods, and is also used as an antioxidant in food as well as a sequestrant.

Sodium Molybdate

A food additive to provide a source of Molybdenum which is an essential trace element for all life forms, it functions as a cofactor for enzymes that catalyze important chemical transformations in the global carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles.

Sodium Selenate

It is a common ingredient due to its selenium content and high solubility and is known as a trace essential element and can be naturally found in many foods such as mustard seeds, Brazil nuts and fresh produce.

Soy Protein Isolate

A dry powder food ingredient deriving from soybean, making it 90 to 95 percent protein and nearly carbohydrate and fat-free.

Soy Lecithin

It is a mixture of phospholipids and naturally occurring fatty molecules that is derived from soy beans. It serves as an emulsifier by keeping ingredients together.


It is the primary energy source of the body.


Taurine protects heart, eyes and improves glucose tolerance.
Thiamine / Thiamin (B1)

Vitamin B1, also called thiamine or thiamin, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is used to produce energy. These B vitamins, often referred to as B complex vitamins, also help the body metabolize fats and protein.

Thiamine / Thiamin (B1)

Vitamin B1, also called thiamine or thiamin, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food

Thiamine Chloride Hydrochloride

Also known as Vitamin B1 which is found in foods such as cereals, whole grains, meat, nuts, beans, and peas. It is important in the breakdown of carbohydrates from foods into products needed by the body.

Total Carbohydrates

Total carbohydrates consist of multiple nutrients, including dietary fiber, sugars and starches. Each of these types of carbohydrate is critical to sufficient energy intake and overall health.

Total Fat

Total fat is one of the three main macronutrients: Fat, Carbohydrates, and Protein.

Trans Fat

Also known as trans-fatty acid, made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils.


Vitamins are any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body.

Vitamin A

Key for good vision, a healthy immune system, and cell growth. It is a nutrient that can be found in eggs, milk, liver, fortified cereals, carrots, spinach (and other leafy greens), and yellow or orange vegetables such as squash.

Vitamin A Palmitate

Also known as retinyl palmitate and retinol palmitate and are commonly found in liver, fish, whole milk, eggs and butter.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2, also called riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin present in most animal and plant tissues. It is one of the essential B vitamins, known to help support adrenal function, help calm and maintain a healthy nervous system, and facilitate key metabolic processes, including helping to turn food into energy.

Vitamin B5

See Pantothenic Acid

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, also called pyridoxine, is a water-soluble nutrient that is part of the B vitamin family. B vitamins help support adrenal function, help calm and maintain a healthy nervous system, and are necessary for key metabolic processes. Vitamin B6 acts as a coenzyme in the breakdown and utilization of carbohydrates, fats and proteins

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for metabolism. It helps in the formation of red blood cells and in the maintenance of the central nervous system.

Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is a potent antioxidant with increasingly diverse uses in health promotion and disease prevention.

Vitamin D

Plays an important role in protecting your bones and your body requires it to absorb calcium. Children need vitamin D to build strong bones, and adults need it to keep their bones strong and healthy.

Vitamin D3

Also known as cholecalciferol this is important for the absorption of calcium from the stomach and the functioning of calcium in the body.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a vitamin that dissolves in fat. It is found in many foods including vegetable oils, cereals, meat, poultry, eggs, fruits, vegetables, and wheat germ oil.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is an umbrella term encompassing a group of chemically related fat-soluble compounds known as naphthoquinones. This group includes vitamins K, K1, K2, and K3. Vitamin K1 (phytonadione) is the natural form of vitamin K; it is found in plants and is the primary source of vitamin K that humans obtain through foods.


Whey is the watery part of milk that remains after the formation of curds.


Zinc is an essential mineral that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Zinc is involved in numerous aspects of cellular metabolism.

Zinc Sulfate

It is Important for growth and for the development and health of body tissues and it is used to treat and to prevent zinc deficiency.

Note: Definitions provided are for informational purposes. Consult with your physician, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider prior to consuming.


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